Commune Baie du Febvre following restoration/
Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources and WildlifeFocus

The Quebec Eastern Habitat Joint Venture (QC-EHJV) of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) focuses primarily on the protection and restoration of wetland and associated upland habitats along the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. The QC-EHJV program is administered through the Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs (Québec’s Ministry of Forests, Widlife and Parks)

Program Delivery Partners

Ducks Unlimited Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service

Fondation de la faune du Québec

Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs (Québec’s Ministry of Forests, Widlife and Parks)

Ministère  du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (Québec’s Ministry of  Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight Against Climate Change)

Nature Conservancy of Canada


Harlequin Duck pair/©Ducks Unlimited Canada

Targeted Actions

  • habitat protection through the acquisition of land and voluntary protection through conservation agreements with landowners
  • wildlife enhancement work at protected sites
  • assessment of sites to be enhanced and monitoring of enhancement work already carried out
  • promotion of recreational and educational values of protected sites

Habitat Protection and Restoration


Ministry of Natural Resources and Wildlife

Barachois de Malbaie, Gaspé Penninsula, Quebec/
Nature Conservancy of Canada

Between 1987 and 2009, QC-EHJV partners invested over $57 million to conserve and restore high-priority wetland habitat across the Province. Almost 100 of these wetlands have benefited from activities that include acquisition, voluntary landowner agreements, local stewardship, etc. Improved waterfowl habitat benefits many other migratory birds, plant and wildlife species as well as people, while enhancing the Province’s overall biodiversity.


Habitat Enhancement

Between 1987 and 2009, QC-EHJV partners invested over $17 million in enhancement activities in the Province’s high-priority wetland areas resulting in the enhancement of over 8,000 hectares of wetland and upland habitat for the benefit of waterfowl and other migratory birds.

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Habitat Monitoring and Assessment

QC-EHJV partners have invested in studies and inventories that help to advance the Province’s wetland conservation programs and activities.

Examples include:

  • studies and surveys to improve the understanding of waterfowl and wetland distribution
  • studies examining the effectiveness of various techniques for enhancing nesting cover, the identification of environmental factors governing habitat use in agricultural watersheds and the use of freshwater island environments during the breeding season
  • surveys focusing on Canada’s species at risk
  • assessments of habitat and wetlands using new technologies such as satellite imagery and geographic information systems
  • studies in agricultural areas where habitats have been characterized and studies in woodlands and other types of landscapes (including forest studies) to determine the impact of clear-cutting on
    waterfowl-habitat use

Lochaber Bay, Quebec/©Ducks Unlimited Canada


Between 1987 and 2009, $92.1 million has been invested in QC-EHJV programs to conserve wetland and upland habitat and increase wildlife productivity at NAWMP priority sites.

Wetland Policy

In 2006, the Quebec Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and Climate Change developed guidelines related to compensation for wetland-related activities. The guidelines help to assist in the analysis for certificates of authorization related to projects occurring in wetlands that were invalidated by the Superior Court of Quebec in 2012. In response to this, in May 2012, the Quebec National Assembly adopted the Respecting Compensation Measures for the Carrying out of Projects Affecting Wetlands or Bodies of Water Act (Chapter M-11.4). The Act gives the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Climate Change the power to require that applicants undertaking restoration, creation, protection or ecologically enhancing a wetland, body of water or a piece of land near a body of water to include compensation measures in their request for authorization. The Act also legalizes any compensation measures undertaken since 2006.

On April 24, 2015, the section of the Act requiring compensation measures ceased to exist, unless by that date, an alternative Act providing guidelines for the conservation and sustainable management of wetlands was in place. In light of ongoing work to modernize the Environmental Quality Act licensing process to streamline regulations and optimize the process, the April 24, 2015 deadline was extended to April 24, 2017.

In parallel, the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight against Climate Change has been building upon the work underway since 2012 to improve the legal and regulatory framework regarding Quebec’s wetlands. This work aims to improve the protection and sustainable use of these ecosystems, which play a role in providing an essential ecological service, in particular maintaining water quality, by further advancing the principle of no net loss of wetland and water resources. Since then, several stakeholder consultations have taken place regarding the broad guidelines that will form the basis for the draft law. A new legal and regulatory framework is expected in 2017.


2007-2012 QC-EHJV Implementation Plan
2012-13 QC-EHJV Status Report
2011-12 QC-EHJV Status Report
2010-11 QC-EHJV Status Report
2009-10 QC-EHJV Status Report
2008-09 QC-EHJV Status Report
2007-08 QC-EHJV Status Report
2007-2012 QC-EHJV Status Report
1987-2007 QC-EHJV Status Report
References for QC-EHJV Studies

For more information, see the  Quebec EHJV Implementation Plan 2015-2020.


Catherine Poussart

Avian Wildlife Coordinator
Terrestrial and Avian Wildlife Directorate
Wildlife Habitat Branch
Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs
(Québec’s Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks)

Pierre Aquin

Specialist, Habitat Conservation
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
Québec Region

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